South African Farm Attacks: This Is Real

(This is the source material for “Horrifying Farm Attacks Bring Terror to South Africa’s Boer in 2019”)

The following appeared on Facebook on November 1, 2019, along with two attached videos:

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A farmer, Anton Pitout (42) was attacked by a mob on his farm in Normandien, near Newcastle, in the mountain areas of the Drakensberg, Kwazulu Natal province on 31 October 2019.

He was very severely assaulted with knobkerries and other objects all over his body, head and face and was lucky to survive. This is the third attack he has endured in this year.

A farmer who came to his assistance was also assaulted. The attack comes on the back of a dispute with land affairs and locals over a 90 hectare portion of his farm that he offered to them so that he could continue his farming activities on the rest of the land.

And the police are refusing to assist in a case being opened pertaining to the ongoing intimidation of the farmer and this can be viewed in the video at the end of this article.The dispute is an ongoing struggle for Pitout who is suffering at the hands of indecisive actions of the local land affairs and getting no assistance from the authorities. The question is being asked, why must South African farmers who are providing food for the country continue to be attacked, murdered and tortured not getting any help from police or government?

(Note: This is a mob attack during daylight. This kind of thing happens, but the Farm Attacks are different – they are usually carefully-planned home invasions that occur at night, and are done by well-trained, well-equipped and well-organized attackers, not by a mob.)

The mob attack:

The aftermath with police:

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One woman, who wishes to remain anonymous, explained her family’s situation living on a farm in Gauteng Province:

“This community is being attacked every night. We sleep in shifts always with a gun in hand. When it turns dark evil comes out. They attack at multiple homesteads at a time. Minimum of 7 perpetrators. They are brutal in attacks. Hitting women with crowbars, slicing men with knives.”

As I draft this article, she messages me about another attack beginning near her home.

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The Farm Attack phenomenon began in South Africa in the early 1990’s. Arrangements were being made for all South Africans, regardless of race, to vote in general elections. The Apartheid issue was finally being settled peacefully – or so it seemed.

But not so for South Africa’s farming community. Known as Boer – the Dutch and Afrikaans word for farmer – South Africa’s farmers began to face attacks on their farms. Though over the years the attacks have come in various forms, they have generally been known for a high degree of sophistication and even military-style execution. The attackers possess military-grade weapons – occasionally including portable military-grade cell phone jammers to keep farmers from calling for help – and have been known to recover spent brass from their firearms, then hustle off silently to an exfiltration point, where they are recovered by waiting vehicles.

South Africa has an incredibly high crime rate, including a murder rate of 58 people per day (and with a population of roughly 58 million people, that means the 2019 murder rate is literally 1 in a million per day, making South Africa compare unfavorably to many war zones). But the Farm Attacks are something special: mainstream politicians, such as Julius Malema of the third largest political party, the Economic Freedom Fighters, frequently make public comments covering for violence against farmers. And, while social media condemns other crime, including sexual assault (South Africa is also a rape capital, and there is a growing movement against gender-based violence), Farm Attacks often receive widespread approval in social media.

More to the point, though, is the excessive level of brutal violence inflicted on the victims. Farmers can generally expect no mercy from their attackers. After they have been overpowered, elderly, helpless farmers can expect to be tortured and to be forced to watch the torture of their loved ones. Violent gang-rape, even of elderly females, is common place. And, considering the high rate of HIV/AIDS in South Africa, a simple sexual assault may carry a death penalty for the victim. One story I heard was typical: a farmer was forced to watch as boiling water was poured over his wife repeatedly. Taking the farmer’s tools and drilling the farmer in the temple or the knee cap is not uncommon.

When I first heard of the Farm Attacks, I was very skeptical. Surely, there cannot be an atrocity of such magnitude unfolding in a nation at peace, a nation with such excellent commercial ties to the rest of the world. But, the more I looked into it, the more convinced I became that it was not only real, but understated – and definitely underreported.

Documentaries by Katie Hopkins and Lauren Southern addressed the situation in South Africa, with a focus on the Farm Attacks. I watched them, and heard the story of a child who was drowned in boiling water. This was the second time I had heard this story, but this time a few comments were offered by the people who had to clean the mess up. I was surprised to discover there is an entire crime scene clean-up industry in South Africa – perhaps I should not have been, but I was still new to the situation there. I was invited on talk radio shows to discuss what I was learning about South Africa, and one time, as I mentioned the child who had been drowned in the boiling water, the host commented that he knew that family.

This is real.

A word of caution is in order, though: there is a great deal of deception regarding what is happening in South Africa. The ruling African National Congress turned toward communism when Nelson Mandela took charge. This happened as Nikita Khrushchev was consolidating power in the Soviet Union; previously, Josef Stalin was waging the Cold War in Europe (and in Korea), but Khrushchev wanted to take it to the Third World. It was under Mandela that the ANC turned from peaceful protests, and began terrorist attacks on the South African government. Anyone familiar with communists understands: they lie. Consequently, there is a major push via social media to discredit anyone who tells the truth about the Farm Attacks. One thing they do is circulate graphics that include scenes from horror movies. Too many people are undiscerning, and share this fake news. This, in turn, makes people doubt the truth.

His Excellency, President Mandela – I call him that not because I am fan of his (I am not), but out of respect for South Africa and for the office the late Nelson Mandela held – addressed the Farm Attacks after he assumed power as a result of the 1994 general election (which the ANC won, of course). President Mandela prioritized the Farm Attacks, and called for people especially in rural areas to join an auxiliary force, the Commando System. The Commando System was kind of like the US National Guard, kind of like French gendarmes: they had military training and kept military-grade weapons at home, and would defend South Africa in case of invasion. On a daily basis, however, they helped the police, by manning roadblocks for example. The Commando System meant that farms belonging to members had an intrinsic self-defense capability, and the community surrounding the farm could very quickly and effectively help the farmer in the case of a violent attack.

After President Mandela left office, though, the ruling ANC disbanded the Commando System due in part to its history stretching back into the Apartheid era, despite recommendations that this not be done until an effective replacement had been deployed. Moreover, the government not only deprioritized the Farm Attacks, but stopped keeping track of them as a separate crime category. This meant that, for many years, there were no official statistics on Farm Attacks – these crimes were aggregated in with other statistics on crime, so no one could see the extent of the problem.

On top of that, research, including that by Cristopher Gumbi (note spelling), strongly suggests that the attackers are not only often highly-organized, well-trained and well-equipped, but that they have at least some cover from South Africa’s officialdom, including from elements of South Africa’s security forces (such as the police).

This information, taken as a whole, suggests a pattern of conduct on the part of South Africa’s ruling African National Congress. And, the barbaric crimes targeting the Boer farmers meet many essential elements of the UN’s definition for genocide.

But, of course, there is so much more… and we haven’t yet gotten to the heroin, have we?

Общий Взгляд на Ситуацию в ЮАР

Положение в южноафриканской республике сложное и ухудшается.

Во-первых Южная Африка является транзитным пунктом для героина, производимого в Афганистане. Героин идет на юг от Афганистана до побережья Индийского океана, а затем по морю перемещается в Африку. Из-за усиления патрулирования дальше по побережью героин теперь уходит дальше на юг, а затем выходит на берег в Африке. Часто героин в настоящее время поступает на берег в Мозамбике. Оттуда он идет по суше, часто в Зимбабве, а затем в Южную Африку.

В Южной Африке его часто упаковывают в контейнерные грузы и загружают на коммерческие суда. Благодаря отличным торговым связям Южной Африки с остальным миром, афганский героин может быть отправлен оттуда в Европу, Северную Америку или Восточную Азию и Тихоокеанский регион. А поскольку Южная Африка не является страной-производителем героина, грузы оттуда часто не проверяют на наркотики.

Превосходная транспортная инфраструктура Южной Африки и относительно неохраняемые границы способствуют контрабанде. Кроме того, отличная финансовая инфраструктура Южной Африки и коррумпированное правительство облегчают отмывание денег.

Увеличенное присутствие героина в Южной Африке из-за контрабанды означает, что он там более доступен по более низкой цене. Следовательно, использование смеси наркотиков на основе героина стало широко распространенным, особенно с учетом высокого уровня безработицы, который достигает до 50 процентов молодежи.

Южная Африка уже была столицей убийств и изнасилований. Но теперь местные банды пытаются контролировать продажу героина, а международные организации, занимающиеся незаконным оборотом наркотиков, борются за контроль над движением наркотиков. Это сделало многие юрисдикции в Южной Африке более опасными, чем зоны военных действий.

Как будто этого было недостаточно, Южная Африка также является ключевым местом для контрабанды оружия и экзотических животных. Помимо всего этого, Южная Африка в настоящее время играет растущую роль в торговле людьми и кокаине.

Во-вторых столкнувшись со всеми преступлениями, южноафриканская полицейская служба находится в обороне. У полиции Южной Африки уровень насильственной смертности в несколько раз выше, чем у их американских коллег. Более того, уровень их самоубийств в 70 раз выше, чем в среднем по Южной Африке.

Полиции Южной Африки пришлось использовать частную охрану для защиты полицейских участков. Это было объяснено как освобождение сотрудников полиции для патрулирования, но это удивляет. В некоторых изолированных полицейских участках нет персонала во время темноты – не из-за проблем с бюджетом или рабочей силой, но потому что полиция не может защитить себя там. Если даже полиция в основном играет в защиту, что люди делают?

Во-третьих правительство во главе с Африканским Национальным Конгрессом некомпетентно и коррумпировано. АНК обратился к коммунизму в конце 1950-х годов и обратился к преступной деятельности, находясь в изгнании в 1980-х годах. Находясь у власти со времени окончания апартеида, АНК продвигает социалистические программы, которые разрушают то, что когда-то было экономикой Первого мира. АНК также разграбляет страну из-за масштабной коррупции, которая называется «захват государства».

Чтобы отвлечь внимание от этого, АНК продолжает обвинять Апартеид, хотя у АНК было 25 лет возможности исправить проблемы той эпохи – проблемы, которые стали хуже. АНК обвиняет белых южноафриканцев и ввел ряд законов, дискриминирующих их. В то время как все южноафриканцы должны работать вместе, чтобы строить экономику, коррумпированный АНК предпочитает воровать у южноафриканского народа и демонизировать белых.

Большинство южноафриканцев хотят мирно ладить друг с другом и строить «Радужную нацию». Но из-за всех преступлений и к тому же расистской пропаганды – пропаганды от АНК и от еще более воинственных и радикальных «Борцов за экономическую свободу» (EFF) – добрые люди Южной Африки потеряли контроль над своими общинами.

В-четвёртых в этом контексте мы рассматриваем геноцидное и ксенофобское насилие, особенно «нападения на фермы».

Южная Африка периодически страдает от ксенофобского насилия. Даже сейчас водители грузовиков вдоль основных автомагистралей подвергаются нападениям со стороны преступников, которые пытаются убить иностранцев, которые, как считается, устраиваются на работу у южноафриканцев. Главная магистраль N3, которая связывает важный порт Дурбан с основным городским районом вокруг Йоханнесбурга, теперь ночью практически непроходима. Другие крупные автомагистрали, такие как N1, связывающая Кейптаун с Йоханнесбургом, и N3, которая проходит вдоль побережья и соединяет порты, также находятся под угрозой.

Хуже этого, как в чрезмерном насилии, так и в последствиях для экономики, являются нападения на фермы. Достаточно сказать, что белые южноафриканские фермеры имеют самую опасную работу в мире, гораздо более опасную, чем работа южноафриканского полицейского или даже солдата, сражающегося в Сирии.

В течение десятилетий хорошо спланированные террористические акты на фермах в Южной Африке привели к тому, что как пожилые, так и очень молодые люди подвергались изнасилованиям и пыткам в течение нескольких часов – даже после того, как они перестали сопротивляться и передали свои ценности нападающим. И часто то, что они имели, стоило менее 50 долларов США. Часто злоумышленники хорошо вооружены, хорошо оснащены (даже имеют станции помех против сотовых телефонов), хорошо обучены и не боятся, что полиция может вмешаться.

Планирования в течение дней, уголовных пыток в течение часов – всё это за 50 долларов? Тот факт, что злоумышленники так мало боятся полиции вместе с их обучением и оборудованием, наводит на мысль о спонсируемых правительством военизированных формированиях или связях с организованной преступностью. Но организованная преступность хотела бы получить прибыль – и 50 долларов не станут покрывать расходы на атаки.

После национальных выборов в мае беззаконие в Южной Африке резко возросло. Теперь, в дополнение к запланированным атакам на фермах, есть много менее сложных атак. Риторика основных политических деятелей и даже посла Южной Африки в Дании и дочери Нельсона Манделы, именующих белых «поселенцами» и «ворами земли», делегитимизирует белых как граждан Южной Африки и выполняет одно из условий ООН для геноцида.

Насилие на расовой и ксенофобной основе угрожает приостановить большую экономическую активность, даже если это приведет к росту цен на продовольствие (из-за затрат, которые фермеры платят за свою защиту) и снижению продовольственной безопасности – в направлении голода.

    Итак, для общей картины:

Южная Африка имеет вторую по величине и наиболее развитую экономику в Африке. Это важный источник большого количества минералов, необходимых для современной промышленности. И он расположен на критических морских путях как ключевой перевалочный пункт, соединяющий Африку с миром и отдаленные части мира друг с другом.

Южная Африка также имеет наибольшее население в южноафриканском регионе. Южная Африка окружает Лесото; Мозамбик и Южная Африка вместе окружают Эсватини (ранее Свазиленд). Обе эти страны сильно зависят от того, что происходит в Южной Африке. Мозамбик сталкивается с политической нестабильностью и исламским мятежом, а также с торговлей наркотиками. Дальше по побережье Танзания, Кения и Сомали есть проблемы с незаконным оборотом наркотиков, исламскими повстанцами и другими проблемами. Вдали от побережья экономика Зимбабве находится в руинах, главным образом потому, что она проводила ту же политику, которую сейчас пытается осуществить АНК Южной Африки. Только Ботсвана (не имеющая выхода к морю и союзник США) и Намибия (на атлантическом побережье) дают надежду в регионе со степенью верховенства закона и стабильным экономическим развитием.

Когда Южная Африка превратится в голод, геноцид и ксенофобское насилие – не если, но когда – Зимбабве и страны вдоль побережья Индийского океана будут падать, как домино. Ботсване и Намибии понадобятся стабилизирующие силы под руководством США, чтобы хаос не затопил эти две страны.

Когда Южная Африка переходит из гангстерского государства в неудавшееся государство торговцев наркотиками, это будет дестабилизировать треть Африки, и последствия будут ощущаться во всем мире.

Summary for Congressional Staff – South Africa

Today I sent this to the staff of one of my elected officials. I have edited out the preliminaries and some sensitive information, but nothing substantial.

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To the point: I am VERY concerned about the situation in South Africa and its implications for US national security.

Key issues:

1) South Africa is becoming a growing hub for heroin trafficking. The narcotics are produced in Afghanistan and, due to interdiction efforts elsewhere, more of the product is being moved via the Southern Route, which is actually many different variations on the theme of taking heroin south from Afghanistan to the coast and then sending it across the Indian Ocean. While it goes to different destinations, including the Far East, most of it goes via Africa to Europe. As this is evolving, more and more of it goes farther and farther across the ocean before coming ashore in Africa; South Africa is becoming a key player.

a) South Africa has very good physical infrastructure, which facilitates physical movement.

b) It also has good port facilities and commercial ties with the rest of the world; heroin and other contraband are sent via containerized cargo to distant places, such as the European ports of Rotterdam, Antwerp, Hamburg and so on, and because of South Africa’s extensive commercial ties and the fact that it is not known as a drug-producing country, customs inspections of that containerized cargo are less rigorous than for cargo coming from other places.

c) South Africa has the second-largest and most developed economy in Africa, including excellent financial infrastructure; consequently, it becomes a hub for laundering drug money.

d) The extensive corruption of the ruling ANC, which took a hard left turn politically in the middle of the last century and became heavily affiliated with organized criminal activities in exile during the Apartheid-era insurgency, facilitates all manner of illegal activities. It is so bad that South Africa has become an example of “state capture” – a term that refers to a situation where a government is used for private gain, including for illegal activities.

e) Leakage from transshipped drugs helps fuel the local drug economy; gangs fight to control local distribution, and international drug-trafficking organizations fight to control transshipment hubs. All of this fuels violence and crime, whether it is an addict looking to score a fix, or a war between rival gangs. This is addressed more below.

f) The heroin negatively impacts our allies. In Europe, for example, every Euro spent dealing with drugs is a Euro not spent on defense, giving the current regime in Russia a freer hand in the Black Sea area and in subverting Western democratic institutions, and keeping the West from presenting an effective and unified front against Chinese takeover in the South China Sea via bases in the Spratly Islands. Furthermore, the profits of Afghan heroin help fund jihad against our troops and our allies worldwide.

2) South Africa has a very real, very significant, and rapidly growing problem with crime. It is a murder capital; some jurisdictions are significantly more dangerous than Syria at the moment.

a) Law enforcement is on the defensive. They comprise a significant spike in violent deaths, and a relatively unknown but not unanticipated fact is that their suicide rate is also quite high due to the stress. South African police who try to do their jobs honestly and effectively are demoralized. They are in survival mode; any further stress in South African society could easily have a catastrophic impact on the cops there – they will certainly not be able to promptly turn the tide should the situation devolve.

b) An even higher spike, both in the rate of violent crime and of the violence of the crime, is the victimization of commercial farmers of European descent. During the Apartheid-era insurgency, white farmers were specifically targeted by the ANC’s military wing, the MK. This was a war crime. In the post-Apartheid era, President Mandela did try to address the Farm Attacks. However, post-Mandela, the situation has gotten far worse; reversing a policy that President Mandela had pushed, the government has removed the “Commando System” of rural militia, which performed auxiliary police functions and gave farmers an intrinsic defense capability. Furthermore, the government has deprioritized the Farm Attacks, going so far as to aggregate the Farm Attack statistics in with the rest of the high crime rate for many years, so the plight of commercial farmers would not be noticed. My own analysis of the situation seems to confirm what others suspect: the Farm Attacks appear to have de facto sanction by the South African government, and appear to be perpetrated by a government-sponsored militia, possibly tied to organized criminal activity, but definitely in the spirit of Apartheid-era MK attacks on rural farmers. In a country where “necklacing” was invented, the Farm Attacks stand out for their brutality and gratuitous violence. Officially, the phenomenon is downplayed or altogether denied; however, reports I receive via private means, including from [edited], confirm scholarly research on the phenomenon: it is serious, organized, brutal and well-connected to people in power. The murder rate of white commercial farmers and the violence associated with their deaths is a spike significantly higher even than that of South African police. To be sure, on average, whites are less threatened by crime; but white commercial farmers have what is probably the most dangerous job in the world.

c) Not in the news is the high rate of crime, much of it fueled by drugs, in the township areas inhabited predominantly by blacks. The white commercial farmers at least have some kind of mutual support network and an organized means of trying to combat the Farm Attacks; NOBODY is going to bat for the blacks in these townships, as their communities are plagued by violent crime and sexual assault, and flooded with drugs.

3) Amplifying this mix:

a) ANC mismanagement and corruption has really hurt the economy, taking the country backwards during the quarter century of their rule. One example is the public power utility, ESKOM, which implements “load-shedding” – rolling cuts of electric power. Another example is the destruction of infrastructure – criminal gangs literally rip up the tracks of commuter trains and sell it as scrap, and have gone so far as to assault commuter trains, killing the employees and the guards there to protect the employees and commuters.

b) The identity politics of the ruling ANC, as well as the more extreme identity politics of third-place EFF and the fringe group BLF, fuel ethnic unrest; this creates the atmosphere where Farm Attacks receive tacit approval, even as they are denied and downplayed, and has helped set the stage for the repeated outbreaks of xenophobic violence, the most recent of which we are seeing right now. Quite frankly, my information shows that various factions are arming for civil war.

c) Problems in neighboring countries further impact this. Zimbabwe went down the path of “expropriation without compensation” and took farms from people of European descent; this heavily damaged their agricultural infrastructure, but neighboring South Africa was there to pick up the slack. However, if South Africa goes down this path, it will devastate the entire region with the fallout. Nations in the region are now struggling due to the drop in the price of diamonds. Mozambique has issues with an indigenous Islamic insurgency, as well as with other unrest, and is now dealing with the impact of a recent cyclone. And so on. Southern and Eastern Africa cannot prop up a collapsed South Africa; rather, a collapse in South Africa will most likely have a domino effect.

Boiling this down, the situation in South Africa is much worse than we may believe, even by going out of our way to get news and information about the region. It would not take much to cause significant unrest which, in turn, could quickly spike into ethnic cleansing (as it is, the situation with the Boer farmers is a slow-motion ethnic cleansing with the Farm Attacks) and genocidal violence. This, in turn, could cause a more general collapse, famine, and a refugee crisis which could destabilize neighboring countries all the way up Africa’s Indian Ocean coast; and, it would take a US-led intervention to stabilize our key ally in the region, Botswana, which is much smaller than South Africa and has its capital right across the border. Implicit in this would be a similar stabilization force for Namibia, both to keep the problem from spreading, and to ensure logistic support to US troops in the field in Botswana as well as ensure that Botswana could maintain a degree of trade with the world community via Namibian port facilities (Walvis Bay).

In this light, reports that Zimbabwe is acquiring the Chinese HQ-9 surface-to-air missile system from China – essentially a “poor-man’s Patriot” – and of the presence of militant Islamic extremists infiltrating South Africa’s well-established and growing, but peaceful, Islamic community are just icing on a very bad cake.

In my opinion, this is moving in the direction of a Venezuela-style crisis, with the potential for a Rwandan-style genocide, and ultimately a failed narco-state kind of similar to Somalia’s experience – all along critical sea lines of communication and atop key mineral resources needed for world industry.

We still have time to prevent the worst of this. The ruling ANC has shown its sensitivity to criticism in the international arena. While we do not want to tell them how to run their country, 1) heroin trafficking is a legitimate international issue, 2) genocidal and xenophobic violence and ethnic cleansing will not be tolerated, and 3) considering that the American taxpayer is subsidizing South Africa with $510 million in foreign aid for FY 2019 – about $9 per person there, and (depending on the exchange rate and data sources) is easily one fourth of all the money that disappears there due to corruption – the US certainly has a horse in this race.

Please look into this – publicly.

South Africa – Not In The News

So, anyone following the news has a great deal to take in.

And, this includes mainstream media news about South Africa.

But, there is a great deal that is not being addressed.

Of course, there are the farm attacks. But, we know that’s not going to make it into the news. The government denies the problem, and there is a great deal of evidence to suggest that certain elements of the government are complicit and facilitating the farm attacks.

But that’s not what we’re talking about.

Check the news, and you can see information about the State Capture Inquiry, and you can find information about the cyclone that hit southeast Africa.

But, what else is not in the news, and how does it all tie together?

Much of southern and eastern Africa is facing a shortage of rainfall, or even drought conditions (except where the cyclone recently hit).

The main thing to understand as you look at the images below: red and orange colors are bad – they mean a shortage of water:

Eastern Africa

Southern Africa

Why is this significant?

South Africa has Africa’s second largest and most developed economy. It also has a large population, of 53 million people, making it the fifth most populous country on the continent, and the most populous in southern Africa.

As it is, the other countries in southern and eastern Africa are having a variety of problems. The scarce rainfall I am calling attention to above, the recent cyclone that has been in the news, and other situations are causing problems.

But, the region is getting by – not without difficulty, not without violence, not without loss of life, but getting by.

What will happen if the more extreme elements in South Africa’s political scene get their way, and dispossess South Africans of European descent of their property? The economy (which is currently facing difficulties, for example, due to corrupt mismanagement of the electricity provider, Eskom) will tank, food security will be impacted, and this dispossession can only occur violently. Racist violence targeting whites will spark general xenophobic violence; the unrest could easily spread into a broader civil war, and will most certainly create a refugee crisis.

Refugees will leave South Africa, inundating nearby countries, which are smaller and have less economic activity: Namibia, concerned about drought; Mozambique, dealing with Islamic insurgents and the aftermath of a terrible cyclone; and so on.

Refugees moving in a northeastern direction, along the Indian Ocean coast, will cause the greatest instability, as they move into countries that already have problems with unrest, weather, and so on, and do not have the reasonably successful and stable situations seen in Namibia and Botswana.

This could cause a domino effect up the coast.

Even in the absence of such a severe situation, considering the impact of drought conditions on food security in southern and eastern Africa, what will happen when the ruling ANC takes farmland from white minority farmers and “redistributes” it to people who do not want farms and who do not know how to farm (they want jobs and places to live close to those jobs – in the townships and cities)?

South Africa needs to maximize food production in order to avert a crisis in other African nations. But if South Africa decimates its agricultural sector in the hope of diverting attention from corruption, loadshedding, and other problems and for electoral gain for the ruling party in the upcoming elections, the ruling ANC will simply be adding a large, new crisis on top of the other crises ongoing and developing in South Africa and elsewhere nearby.

How is this going to impact Europe and America?

Well, we will need to mount a humanitarian operation – probably a pretty big one – and an operation to stabilize key allies, such as Botswana. Botswana is trying hard to do things right; but it’s a smaller country right on South Africa’s border, and will inevitably be impacted as food prices zoom up, and with refugees fleeing the problems in South Africa. With just a little over 2 million people, Botswana could easily be overwhelmed with refugees.

Meanwhile, the United States continues to dispense over half a billion dollars in foreign aid to South Africa. That’s almost ten dollars per person there!

Every dollar of US taxpayer money spent in South Africa helps the ruling ANC avoid accountability for all the corruption and all the money corrupt government officials there steal. Currently, it is estimated that corruption in South Africa accounts for a loss of 27 billion rand per year. That’s about 1.9 billion US dollars, over three and a half times what we are spending in foreign aid for South Africa. If South Africa could cut its corruption in half, they could do better than they are now, even without any US taxpayer dollars to subsidize them. That would mean more US foreign aid money would be available to help victims of drought, storms, and so on. (Or we could spend that money here at home on our own infrastructure, but of course, that’s a ridiculous idea.)

The real issues in South Africa are not in the news here in the USA right now.

But, they will be.

Coming Apart at the Seams

Today I begin emailing this to government officials, media figures and members of civil society worldwide:

South Africa is on the verge of coming apart at the seams, and this is not just hype before their elections next year.

These deeply-rooted seams are related to different approaches to society; the roots are:

a) ethnic/cultural (but portrayed as racial),
b) political,
c) economic,
and
d) lawful/civil vs. criminal/corrupt.

The “Rainbow Nation” has a motto, “Unity in Diversity”, but the reality stemming from this diversity is far different.

A confluence of several factors is causing this:

1) incredible crime, now made much worse by significant heroin trafficking;
2) corruption so bad it is called “state capture”, where government institutions are harnessed to serve private and criminal ends;
3) “Farm Attacks”, which
a) began during the insurgency in the Apartheid era,
b) have driven three quarters of South Africa’s white farmers out of business during the post-Apartheid era,
c) constitute a de facto ethnic cleansing even as they impact food supply and food prices,
and
d) are the cutting edge of a growing ethnic (“racial”) divide;
as well as
4) failed socialist and communist policies, most recently including the drive to “expropriate without compensation” (= “take without paying”, legalized theft) farmland (and anything else).

I will address each of these items in turn, providing links for information; however, I encourage you to take a moment and find your own sources to verify that my comments on these topics accurately reflect the reality and gravity of the situation.

1) Crime and heroin

South Africa has always had a high crime rate. The murder rate is high: on average, the national murder rate compares favorably (just barely!) to many war zones (MUCH more favorably than Syria). However, some precincts are worse; for example, Philippi East, a township of Cape Town, has a murder rate estimated at 323.4 per 100,000, making it nearly six times more dangerous than Afghanistan, and significantly more dangerous than Syria:

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-45547975

In addition to being a murder capital, South Africa is a rape capital; it is getting so bad that a deputy minister had to warn everyone to ensure tourists do not get sexually assaulted.

https://www.iol.co.za/pretoria-news/watch-ensure-tourists-are-not-raped-says-deputy-minister-18098013

The crime is now being fueled by heroin.

The world’s heroin production is centered in Afghanistan these days; most of it goes to Europe. Due to interdiction efforts elsewhere, an increasing amount is going via the “Southern Route”, through the Indian Ocean. South Africa is becoming a major transshipment point for many reasons: it has excellent infrastructure, good trade with the rest of the world, and solid financial networks, all of which enable movement of contraband and laundering of drug money.

https://issafrica.org/iss-today/heroin-hits-south-africa-along-the-highway-to-impunity

http://theconversation.com/heroin-trafficking-through-south-africa-why-here-and-why-now-81627

Being a transshipment point results in increased availability of heroin on the street within South Africa.

There (and elsewhere on the continent) heroin is mixed with other drugs, such as cannabis, and these concoctions are known in different jurisdictions by different names: whoonga, nyaope, sugars. Many people who are aware of a drug problem within their community do not realize that they are all dealing with Afghan heroin.

https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2018-07-27-the-work-of-whoonga-an-epidemic-on-the-move/

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-31620569

https://citizen.co.za/news/south-africa/1179509/drug-abuse-is-growing-in-sa/

Addicts get money for drugs through street crime, and this drives the crime rate up higher than it normally is (which is high). Also, while under the influence, they commit crimes they might not otherwise commit, and the level of barbarity increases, as well.

https://crimsonpublishers.com/rpn/pdf/RPN.000554.pdf

https://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/gauteng/living-in-krugersdorps-drug-hell-12964346

Finally, gangs fighting over the trafficking and distribution of heroin also fuel the violent crime rate. The presence of foreign criminal gangs then, in turn, helps fuel xenophobic attitudes which themselves have in the past resulted in outbreaks of violence against immigrants from other parts of Africa who arrive in search of jobs.

https://www.iol.co.za/news/cape-gangs-have-global-backing-1790368

https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/11/29/south-africans-are-taking-the-law-into-their-own-hands-vigilantism-extralegal-justice-police-apartheid-anc-private-security/

In the face of all this, South African police can’t even protect themselves. For 2017, they lost 160 police killed in the line of duty (from a total South African population of 57 million people).

https://www.iol.co.za/sunday-tribune/news/160-cops-killed-per-year-police-expert-13474293

By comparison, the US lost 128 officers in the line of duty in 2017 (a drop from the previous year with 143 deaths), from a population of 325 million.

https://www.usnews.com/news/national-news/articles/2017-12-28/dramatic-drop-in-police-officer-deaths-in-2017

For police, that’s over seven times as dangerous in South Africa as in the USA for 2017; if we compare South Africa 2017 with the US in 2016 (when we had not experienced a drop), the rate is still over six times as high.

2) Corruption and “state capture”

Corruption in South Africa is rampant.

https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/opinionista/2018-10-08-south-africa-a-republic-constituted-on-corruption/

South Africa is now dealing with “state capture”, where illicit and criminal activity actually take over the government apparatus and bend government services to serve criminal interests.

https://www.dw.com/en/inquiry-into-state-capture-scandal-begins-in-south-africa/a-45148092

Considering the growing influence of Afghan heroin moving along the “Southern Route” to Europe, and taking it in the context of corruption and “state capture”, South Africa could be on its way to becoming a “narcostate”.

This is happening in a country where the unemployment rate hovers a little above 25 percent.

https://tradingeconomics.com/south-africa/unemployment-rate

That’s one quarter of the population getting by on about $1.25 USD a day.

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2018/09/south-africa-poverty-levels-increasing-180914111642562.html

About five million people (nearly all blacks) are in squatters’ camps, though if you do an internet search, the information returned is usually about whites in the camps. The fact that there are 385 blacks in such “informal settlements” for each white in such a place helps fuel resentment on the part of many blacks that internet searches make it look like it’s all whites in the camps.

https://www.huffingtonpost.co.za/2018/06/14/what-the-numbers-say-about-sas-squatter-camps_a_23459035/

3) In this context, we should discuss the Farm Attack phenomenon.

During the days of Apartheid, the African National Congress (ANC, now the ruling party) was led by Nelson Mandela in the direction of communist ideology. They established a military wing, the MK, of which Mandela was chairman. This militant wing began a campaign of indiscriminate bombings, and went so far as to place landmines in rural areas.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umkhonto_we_Sizwe

These things were considered war crimes at the time.

http://www.un.org/en/genocideprevention/war-crimes.html

The landmines had to end, because so many of the people being killed were black Africans, whom the ANC claimed to be trying to liberate. Mandela sought to steer the military actions in the direction of sabotage, because he felt this had the best chance of success and the best chance of reconciliation afterwards; it was for this sabotage that he was imprisoned.

During this insurgency, the ANC and MK declared commercial farms (owned by people of European descent, so-called “whites”) to be military targets, and commenced a campaign of attacks on them: “Farm Attacks”.

https://www.politicsweb.co.za/opinion/the-origins-of-south-africas-farm-murder-epidemic

Deliberately targeting civilian farmers was also a war crime, but of course the insurgents were feted as “liberating” South Africa and, in any case, the winner decides who gets tried and for what.

After Apartheid ended and Mandela was elected President, the Farm Attacks continued; some genies just won’t go back into their bottle once they’ve been summoned. President Mandela recognized the serious impact on South Africa’s economy, including on food security, and prioritized these farm attacks.

https://www.politicsweb.co.za/opinion/farm-murder-blindness

Note that Farm Attacks have been defined as a special category of crime, aside from workplace or domestic violence or other “social fabric” crimes.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_African_farm_attacks

During Mandela’s tenure as President of South Africa, South Africa’s military included a militia component known as the “Commando System”. The Commando System had roots going way back in South Africa’s history, even before the Apartheid era, but it was maintained in the post-Apartheid military organization. Commandos kept military-grade weapons at their rural homes, enabling them to respond quickly to crises, and allowing an intrinsic self-defense capability in the farm areas. The Commandos also served as a police auxiliary, and even in the post-Apartheid era, conducted tens of thousands of missions assisting law enforcement.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Commando_System_(South_Africa)

Mandela saw the Commando System as a key feature of rural security to address the Farm Attacks, and encouraged people – especially white Boer farmers (see below) – to join.

Looking at the Commando System in the post-Mandela era, it was determined that it should be disbanded, but NOT UNTIL a follow-on could be deployed.

http://www.krepublishers.com/02-Journals/T%20&%20T/T%20&%20T-11-0-000-13-Web/T%20&%20T-11-1-000-13-ABST-PDF/S-T&T-11-1-025-13-301-Twala-C/S-T&T-11-1-025-13-301-Twala-C-Tt.pdf

Despite this recommendation, the system was dismantled beginning in 2003, over warnings of the main opposition political party, the Democratic Alliance, that doing so would be a disaster.

http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=40081

By 2008, it had been phased out, supposedly to be replaced by specialized police units, which never actually appeared. This left rural farmers particularly vulnerable to Farm Attacks.

Meanwhile, the South African government deprioritized Farm Attacks, going so far as to stop publishing statistics on them. This had the effect of leaving these crimes mixed in with the aggregated crime statistics, so people couldn’t see what was going on. We only know what has been happening because the private sector, including agriculture and civil rights activists, have continued to monitor the phenomenon.

https://www.politicsweb.co.za/opinion/on-sas-brutal-farm-murders

The result was this: government policies left rural farming communities more endangered, at the same time that government policies also made the crimes against them harder to monitor.

Please let that last statement sink in. Taken together with the fact that it was the ANC that began the farm attacks, and that the ANC made these decisions, these facts establish a pattern of conduct on the part of some elements of South Africa’s ruling political party, the ANC: leave the Boer farmers vulnerable, allow them to be brutally and terroristically attacked, and cover the whole thing up.

Scholarly research into the Farm Attack phenomenon shows that its motivation seems to be one of intimidation. Research by Cristopher Gumbi (notice spelling of the first name) demonstrated this.

http://ulspace.ul.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10386/1981/gumbi_ma_2017.pdf

Based on my own research, there are some criminal assaults on rural farms that appear to be “normal” crime. However, the Farm Attacks are a distinct phenomenon; the attackers are 1) well-equipped, 2) well-trained, and 3) execute their attacks with a degree of precision characteristic of military units. Furthermore, there is 4) gratuitous violence – barbaric torture (I will spare you the details) – going far beyond anything that would be needed to coerce victims into cooperating, often lasting for hours (and even days!) after valuables have been taken, and sexual assault that goes beyond anything that could be considered opportunistic rape. Finally, 5) what is stolen is of small value, often less than $20 US, which in no way compensates for the money it takes to buy state-of-the-art cell phone and radio jammers used in the attacks, or to pay for a vehicle to wait at an exfiltration point, or which could satisfy the skilled mercenaries who would be needed to conduct these attacks.

In my opinion, it would take the resources of a transnational criminal cartel, or of a national government, to conduct such a coordinated campaign of terroristic intimidation.

The South African government knows this, and has been aware of it for decades. Yet, the problem has not been effectively dealt with; rather, it appears such crime is being enabled.

The rate of violent death of white commercial farmers in South Africa is about twice the rate of violent death for South African police.

It is noteworthy that the third most powerful political party in parliament, the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), was established and is led by a man who used to lead the ANC’s Youth League (ANCYL), Julius Malema. Malema and his people received military-style training at South African military bases about eight years ago.

https://www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/Politics/Military-training-for-ANCYL-leaders-20100513

Malema wears a military-style uniform, calls himself the “commander in chief”, and is known for singing songs about shooting the Boer (who are the white farmers). Malema has pushed for “expropriation without compensation” and the ruling ANC is now in the process of amending the constitution to do just this; however, concerns exist that it is not just land that will be taken, but that the proposed amendment will allow anything – bank deposits, intellectual property – to be “expropriated” (see below).

The history of the Boer farmers is interesting (and this part is based on documents, not all of which are available online). When Europeans first arrived in the 1600’s, they encountered Khoi, who were nomads, and San, who were hunter-gatherers; these people are reminiscent of Australian aborigines. Boer is a Dutch and Afrikaans word meaning “farmer”; it refers to people who emigrated from Europe to these colonies in South Africa, and then to those who left the Cape Colony area when South Africa came under British control during the Napoleonic era, migrating to the northeast of what is now the Republic of South Africa.

This happened as the Zulu were moving down into the area from farther north. The Zulu were conducting a genocidal conquest of the region. Often, the Boer moved into areas that had been depopulated; many native people either fled from the advancing Zulu, or had been killed. Many of the remaining peoples found an ally with the Boer, who helped defend against further Zulu conquest. As a result, the Boer occupied 1) land that was vacant, either because it had never been inhabited, or because its inhabitants had been killed or had left fleeing the Zulu; 2) land that they procured from neighboring peoples, often exchanging cattle for it (and these people were frequently happy to have the Boer as a buffer between themselves and the Zulu); and 3) land taken from the Zulu through conquest during a defensive war.

One incident of note illustrates the situation: Zulu King Dingane asked the Voortrekker leader Piet Retief to retrieve some stolen cattle, and in return the Voortrekkers would receive land. The Voortrekkers complied, and then agreed to a treaty granting them farmland. They were then invited to a celebration, and were asked to leave their weapons behind; at the celebration, the Zulus treacherously slaughtered the unarmed Voortrekkers. The Zulus then went on the offensive, massacring more Boer in a camp nearby. In the subsequent Battle of the Blood River, 15,000 Zulu warriers attacked 470 Voortrekkers, but the Zulus suffered a crushing defeat.

Regardless of the history nearly two centuries ago, all people whose families have lived in what is now the Republic of South Africa for generations are Africans – some of European descent, some of Asian descent, but Africans nonetheless – and are citizens of South Africa; they have intrinsic human rights and deserve equal protection before the law.

That notwithstanding, people of European descent are too often referred to as “settlers” in a very clear effort to delegitimize them as Africans and as citizens of the “Rainbow Nation” and to set the stage for de facto ethnic cleansing of rural farm lands. To be sure, it is not a situation where murderous attacks on whites are particularly rampant; on average, crime impacts blacks, especially poor blacks, at a higher rate, and whites tend to be a little safer. But when you disaggregate the information and look at white commercial farmers in rural areas, there is an incredible spike, not just in murder and rape, but in the barbarity and violence of the crimes, as well. The obvious intent, both of public statements by political leaders which create the atmosphere and of the Farm Attacks themselves, is ethnic cleansing.

Genocide Watch has categorized South Africa at Stage 6 of 10 for genocide of white Boer farmers and of foreigners; elements of and spikes into the other four stages are present.

http://www.genocidewatch.com/south-africa

4) Expropriation without Compensation (EWC)

One move that the ANC-led government is trying, with tremendous support from the radical left-wing militant EFF, is to gain political leverage for the upcoming elections by pushing a scheme to take land from the “settlers” (white farmers). Though Article 25 of the South African Constitution allows for “expropriation” of property subject to fair compensation and in the public interest, South Africa is in the process of amending this article to permit taking of private property without compensation. Despite being billed as an effort to redistribute land, the reality is that no property will be safe: urban and intellectual property, accumulated wealth… all will be subject to “expropriation without compensation”.

It should be noted that the very next article in the South African Constitution, No. 26, provides that people may not be dispossessed of their homes without having their day in court. Also, Article 39 states that the courts must consider international law; much of what is going on in South Africa, and this includes the proposed EWC, would violate many provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

http://www.un.org/en/universal-declaration-human-rights/

__________

South Africa is the world’s 25th largest country by area, 24th by population, and is Africa’s only member of the G20; the economy is Africa’s second largest and most developed; depending on which set of statistics you consider, its GDP ranks anywhere from 31st to 41st place in the world. The Southern African Customs Union (SACU) ties the South African economy to those of its neighbors, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia and Swaziland (now known as eSwatini). South Africa has some of the richest mineral deposits in the world, feeding world industry, and has extensive coal deposits. There are also largely undeveloped reserves of unconventional and offshore petroleum (though not a lot), and the country sits astride critical shipping lanes around the southern tip of Africa.

A great deal is at stake, and if South Africa goes the way of a failed state, you need to imagine a Somalia-like scenario, but on steroids – including Islamic terrorism, which is destabilizing large parts of Mozambique (South Africa’s neighbor to the north along the Indian Ocean coast), and which is now present in the port city of Durban. In my opinion (and in the Air Force, I was an Intelligence Applications Officer and graduate of the USAF Weapons School), this could destabilize a third of Africa through genocidal and xenophobic civil war, famine and a resulting refugee crisis.

Such a scenario will beg for a US-led intervention to stabilize the country; that failing, China would likely have to intervene to protect mineral resources and critical infrastructure. China already appears to be getting assets in place, including the alleged deployment of late-model surface-to-air missiles (a “poor man’s Patriot”) to neighboring Zimbabwe, which faces no threat requiring such a defense, unless one considers the potential for a Western intervention.

Senator Scott – Please Look at South Africa!

A message I submitted to Senator Tim Scott of South Carolina through his website this afternoon:

I tried calling your Columbia office a couple of times; the machine tells me I have a chance to leave a message, then almost immediately disconnects.

I have tagged your Twitter-verified account with information dealing with South Africa.

It’s complicated, but the ruling ANC is strengthening its ties to China – not investments, but party-to–party, trying to learn one-party rule from the Chinese Communist Party. Nationally, the only other party getting traction is a militant communist group called the EFF. It was started by the former leader of the ANC Youth League, after they received military-style training at South African Defense Force bases. (For comparison, imagine if a ruling political party here in the US gave training to KKK members on US military bases.) It is a black-supremacist group, calling for the murder of people of European descent. South Africa has had outbreaks of violence frequently, in addition to being very crime ridden. There is violence based on ethnic groups and xenophobia.

The moves to take land without paying the owners will impact food production. Farm attacks, with excessive violence and torture against commercial farmers, have already caused the price of food to go up and driven farmers out of business; South Africa used to export, now imports food. This is in a land where more than 5 million people live in squatters’ camps, and one quarter of the population is unemployed, surviving on the equivalent of 1.25 USD a day. The move against private property will worsen things dramatically; more identity-politics and deficit-spending will spiral it downhill.

There are no regional powers that can turn it around. South Africa has the second-largest and most developed economy in Africa; it is a treasure-house of minerals needed for world industry, it produces coal, there is undeveloped reserves of petroleum (both offshore and unconventional), and the country sits astride important sea lanes.

When it collapses, there will be famine, and refugees will flood about a third of Africa – which is already stressed with crises.

On top of that, the Islamic State has been identified as present and responsible for bombings in Durban; Islamic extremists are destabilizing much of Mozambique to the north. Moreover, South Africa is now a major transshipment point for Afghan heroin along the Southern Route – indeed, the heroin drives a significant increase over an already very high crime rate.

China is ahead of the game, having sold late-model surface-to-air missiles to neighboring Zimbabwe. These missiles are a poor-man’s Patriot; there is no threat Zimbabwe faces that would require these defenses, except possibly South Africa, or a Western intervention in the region.

You need to have your staff look into this. It will be a problem – sooner, not later.

I called Senator Graham’s and Congressman Wilson’s offices earlier this week. They really listened to me for a while, and promised to pass my concerns on.

It’s a blessing to have three outstanding elected officials represent me in the US Capitol; I hope they take this seriously.

Farm Attacks: An Existential Threat to South Africa

I posted this on July 18th of this year, on Facebook, when Facebook was advertising a celebration of Nelson Mandela’s birthday.

SPOILER ALERT – you may find this offensive, and I don’t really care!

________

On January 23, 1960, a mob attacked 4 white and 5 black policemen at Cato Manor Police station. The mob murdered the police officers, disemboweling some.

Two months later, on the night of March 29, 1960, small groups of militants approached the police station in Sharpeville, but were driven away by the police on duty there.

The next day, March 30, 1960, thousands of people approached the police station in Sharpeville for a protest that at first was peaceful and even festive. Later, though, the crowd grew to about 20,000, and the mood turned ugly; militant activists were coercing people into attending the protest, cutting telephone lines, and distributing pamphlets warning people not to go to work. Initially, the 20 police had had things well under control facing a peaceful protest, but as the militants more than doubled the size of the crowd and stirred them up to become hostile, the police called for reinforcements, and 130 additional officers arrived, backed by four armored vehicles. Military aircraft overflew the crowd at low altitude in an attempt to scatter it.

The crowd then started throwing rocks and began to approach the police in a threatening manner. Remembering how the police at Cato Manor had been killed and mutilated, some of the officers opened fire on the crowd, and this began a volley of fire that left dozens of protesters dead and about 180 injured.

Influenced by friends like Moses Kotane, who was trained by Stalin’s regime in Moscow and became the general secretary of the South African Communist Party from 1939 until his death in 1978, and having himself begun to really study the works of Marx, Lenin and Mao, Nelson Mandela then cofounded a group called the “Spear of the Nation” as the armed wing of the African National Congress. This organization announced its presence on December 16, 1961, with bombings, beginning a bombing campaign that lasted until the late 1980’s. Together with torture and executions in ANC detention camps, ANC bombings of civilian targets became routine; an ANC campaign to place landmines in rural areas from 1985 to 1987 was only abandoned because of a high rate of casualties among civilian black laborers.

So, on this day that would have been Nelson Mandela’s 100th birthday, let’s remember the impact he had, and let’s consider what kind of a world we would live in if everyone followed his example.

________

These links were in the comments on the original Facebook post:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cato_Manor

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharpeville_massacre

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umkhonto_we_Sizwe

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moses_Kotane

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela

________

Freedom of Speech does not mean the freedom to say it’s a nice day out and to tell the tyrant what a great man he is.

Freedom of Speech means saying unpopular things – things that may be offensive to others.

This is for religious, political and scientific topics. It means questioning whether the Sun revolved around the Earth, which was at one time believed, and it means questioning whether the Earth revolves around the Sun, which is now believed. It means asking stupid questions, saying stupid things; it means questioning common “wisdom” and beliefs that have become dogma.

________

I, of course, did not know His Excellency Nelson Mandela personally. But my reading on him, based on the information I have seen, is that he was a communist and a terrorist who wound up governing the country whose government he sought to overthrow. When I refer to Nelson Mandela as “His Excellency”, that is out of sincere respect for the position he held, as President of the Republic of South Africa. And, I acknowledge two possibilities: 1) he did not approve of the indiscriminate killing and torture that the ANC was responsible for, or 2) he rose above it, and tried to make things right. Please feel free to educate me about him in the comments.

Other information I have reviewed shows that the ANC, while in exile, turned to criminal activities. The association of “liberation movements” and terrorist organizations with criminal groups is a topic for another post; suffice it to say, for now, that it is common.

Let’s take a moment and discuss Farm Attacks.

Farm Attacks are not ordinary crime. This term does not refer to a routine robbery of a rural commercial farm, although that does happen. It also does not refer to “social fabric”-type crimes, such as a violent dispute between an employer and an employee or between a married couple in a rural setting, although that, of course, happens too. We are referring to a type of attack where robbery is incidental, where violence is gratuitous, where the clear intent is to terrorize and intimidate the predominantly white commercial farmers, and where the attackers tend to be well-organized, well-trained, well-equipped, and well-supported – support including cover provided by political and law enforcement officials who have been corrupted.

Frankly, it looks like a government-backed militia, or rogue government personnel, or organized crime – but high-end organized crime, not a street gang.

With that in mind, let’s review some of the history.

At one point, the ANC and its military wing, the uMkhonto we Sizwe (abbreviated as MK), accepted Farm Attacks as a legitimate means of waging war against the Apartheid government in South Africa. The legitimacy of such a decision could of course be debated. Regardless, after taking power, Farm Attacks continued. President Mandela prioritized the Farm Attacks, and sought to stop them. (By comparison, today in South Africa, priority crimes include organized, military-style robberies of cash in transit – attacks which have a particularly debilitating effect on the South African economy.)

However, later on, after Mandela’s presidency, the rural police organization known as the Commando System was abolished, despite a recommendation that this not be done until something else was ready to take its place. And, the separate crime category of Farm Attacks was eliminated, rolling these crimes into the aggregated crime statistics. The attacks themselves were, of course, deprioritized – that’s implicit in eliminating them as a separate category.

Then, not surprisingly, the Farm Attacks begin to get worse. In fact, the Wikipedia article linked above refers to the attacks from 2012 onward, after all this occurred, although it does provide statistical data going back to the beginning of the post-Apartheid era.

The fact that Farm Attacks were part of the ANC/MK strategy to destabilize the Apartheid government, coupled with the ANC’s links to organized crime from the Apartheid era when it was operating in exile, then coupled with the disbandment of the Commando System and the elimination of “Farm Attack” as a separate category of crime, and the sophisticated nature of the Farm Attacks, taken together, gives the appearance of a pattern of conduct with implicit consent of government officials, including those at high levels: somebody is opening the door to these attacks, and providing cover for the attackers; the attackers brag about this during some of the attacks.

So, back to my thoughts on Mandela.

1) Maybe he was a good guy, like so many people think. Or maybe he became a good guy. In either case, he is deceased and no longer in charge; his successors might not be so nice.

2) Maybe he was a terrorist, and the ANC is just continuing in its corrupt, terroristic ways.

Either way, we have established the pattern, including the links to past conduct.

The ANC-led government gives conflicting statements on this topic. Individual leaders have done so; His Excellency President Cyril Ramaphosa has personally given conflicting statements on the topic of Farm Attacks, calling for an end to them last year, but then this year denying that it is a specific problem.

They know what is going on, and they understand the organized nature of these attacks. They know it is some kind of guerrilla force or organized crime group.

How could any government tolerate this on its soil? If it is foreign, it has the backing of a state or of a powerful transnational crime cartel, and is thus a clear and present danger to the Republic of South Africa: an act of war. If domestic, it is a sign of corruption at the highest levels – state capture by organized crime – or else it is a symptom of a government tolerating a continuing pogrom against its own people. And, it’s not just against any people: it is against those who employ many (in a nation where unemployment is already at 25%) and who feed most – an attack against the very fabric of South African society, in addition to being an attack on the concept of a “Rainbow Nation” that has found “Unity in Diversity”.

These Farm Attacks are an existential threat to the Republic of South Africa.

Cui bono?

The Republic of South Africa is home to Africa’s second largest and most developed economy, a state that is located on top of major supplies of mineral wealth that are critical to world industry, a state that has commercial ties to the entire world and which is the door to half of Africa… how will it impact the rest of the world when this state collapses in famine, chaos, crime, looting, xenophobic and racially-motivated ethnic cleansing and mass killing?

Because that’s the path it’s on.

Impressions of South Africa

I had first heard via talk radio that things weren’t going so well in South Africa. This was about four years ago.

This past summer, I heard a little more about the Farm Attacks, and became very concerned. As I started looking into it myself, I noticed that when you pull on one thread, sometimes it is an entire garment that unravels; this was very apparent with South Africa.

In this post, I do not provide links. I highly encourage you to do your own research, and to THINK FOR YOURSELF about what you find.

These are my impressions. They are based on information derived from a variety of sources:

1) official reports by
a) the South African government,
b) other national governments,
c) supranational organizations such as the United Nations and the African Union, and
d) non-governmental organizations (some of which meet in conjunction with government officials);
2) news articles from many different sources, in many different countries, and from many different perspectives;
3) podcast and talk radio segments from diverse sources;
4) emails, direct/personal messages on social media, discussions in forums and on social media (both public and in closed groups); and
5) others.

People with whom I have interacted privately include government and law enforcement officials, members of civil society and academia, and citizens, not only from South Africa, but from neighboring countries, as well, and people from around the world who have something to add.

So, here’s what I have come up with.

First and foremost:

1) Americans do not need to lecture or save the people of South Africa, or anyone else, for that matter. Instead, we need to partner with them and learn from each other.

2) The basic premise (quoted in my last post) upon which America is founded is very sound indeed:

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.

This should be a model for all people everywhere; when I say we should learn from each other, I think this is something America has to offer.

3) Farm Attacks are a real phenomenon, and are distinct from ordinary crime (which is incredibly high in South Africa).

Farm Attacks started out as a means by which the ANC’s military (terrorist) wing put pressure on the Apartheid government. After the end of Apartheid, the attacks continued. It got to the point where Nelson Mandela, who by this time was the President of post-Apartheid South Africa, prioritized Farm Attacks and rural security. But later, things changed.

A special rural police group, known as the Commando system, had been reasonably effective in addressing rural security. This system had historical origins going back a long way. In part because of this history, it was disbanded. But, the disbandment occurred despite recommendations by experts that the Commando system not be disbanded, at least not until something else was ready to take its place. Furthermore, Farm Attacks were not only deprioritized, but stopped being considered as a separate category of crime; instead, they were mixed in with other crime in aggregated statistics. This had the result that they could not so easily be distinguished from the high crime rate that characterizes South Africa. And, let’s be clear: on average, South Africa ranks just below most of the world’s war zones for a rate of violent deaths (homicides, murders), but some jurisdictions within South Africa, taken by themselves, rank higher – much higher, many times higher!

The disbandment of rural security, the deprioritization of the crimes, the aggregation of the statistics… it all looks like a pattern of conduct, a deliberate policy of the government to push commercial farmers (predominantly those of European descent) off their land, possibly via proxy, while maintaining plausible deniability.

So, murderous Farm Attacks, with gratuitous violence and torture, appear to have the implicit nod of consent of the government.

At this point, I really started digging. I mean, I began digging like a dog in his backyard when he thinks he smells something good: sniff, sniff, sniff, dig, dig, dig… run around with a wagging tail… sniff, sniff, sniff, dig, dig, dig… occasionally stop to wet on something.

Here’s what I came up with, in no particular order – and some of it may seem pretty far afield from the Farm Attacks (but I have stopped believing in coincidences):

Crime: South Africa is a crime capital. It has long had a high crime rate. Its violent death rate ranks it just under Afghanistan (a war zone), but some parts of South Africa, especially certain urban districts, have murder rates (and rape rates) that make Afghanistan look tame by comparison. Corruption is rampant there. South Africa also is a world leader for economic crime (I never would have imagined that). On top of that, the infrastructure is under attack; gangs of thieves brazenly steal critical components from electric power and water utilities, from commuter train rail networks… the stolen items, including ferrous metals and copper, get sold as scrap, and employees on the commuter lines face armed robbery and murder on the job, even though protected by security guards!

Government officials in some localities pointed out that this is an attack on the very fabric of society. Local governments could collapse under the pressure and, if that happens enough, South Africa could become a failed state. The more information I get on crime and related topics, the more I think this is a very real concern; it is not overstated, nor is it sensationalism.

South African Police: Cops in South Africa are getting killed in the line of duty at a very high rate. It’s bad; they can’t even protect themselves. Also, the suicide rate among the South African Police Service (SAPS) is more than 70 times the South African average. Law enforcement there face well-equipped, murderous syndicates and cartels; often, the police are outgunned and outequipped. Also, some of the criminal gangs have gunmen who are remarkably well-trained, while SAPS equipment is sometimes never procured, or is procured but disappears, due to corruption. Bravery alone does not level the playing field; no offense to SAPS, but in many cases, they can only hope to win by outnumbering the bad guys. On top of that, there are serious corruption problems within South African law enforcement. Criminal gangs sometimes have very good intelligence on police operations. Some cops sell out; it’s that, or get murdered brutally without making a difference (and their family is threatened, too). Some cops are exhausted; others are lazy. For the honest, brave cops, risking their lives to do their jobs, they have insult added on top of injury by being lumped in with the bad cops. No wonder there is PTSD and a high suicide rate!

Heroin: South Africa has become a major transshipment point for heroin from Afghanistan on its way to Europe (and elsewhere). Since 2001, poppy production in Afghanistan has gone up. It used to be that the poppies were shipped elsewhere for refining into heroin. Now, though, the refining occurs in Afghanistan, and product quality is very good. Movement used to be via the Balkans to Europe. However, with increased policing along that route, traffickers now also ship it to the coast of Pakistan or Iran, and from there load it onto seagoing vessels, often dhows. These take the drugs to Africa’s east coast. Increasingly, the heroin is moved down to the southern part of Africa, often unloaded at small ports on offshore islands, or onto small boats that take it in to the coast. From there, it goes along the road network – and South Africa has a good road network – and later gets transshipped to Europe. South Africa also has excellent commercial ties to all destinations where they might want to send the heroin; and, there is good financial infrastructure to move the money around. Finally, the rampant corruption allows drug traffickers to operate comfortably.

Also, keep in mind that as heroin gets trafficked through some place, it becomes available in that place for a lower cost, due to availability. For example, there is leakage: a trafficker pays a corrupt official with product instead of money. The result is that addiction goes up. Understand, addicts get money to buy their drugs through street crime. So, robbery, burglary, carjacking, mugging… it all goes up as addicts are desperate to get their fix. And, in South Africa, heroin is mixed with other drugs; different communities each have their own concoction, all known by different names – many in civil society do not realize they are facing the same problem.

Rival gangs fight over trafficking routes and turfs for distribution; the murder and violent crime rate goes up and foreign gangs move in. Even decent, honest criminals have trouble making ends meet; there goes the neighborhood.

Socialism: A socialistic government responds to society problems by taxes in order to provide services. Those who produce get taxed; those who don’t get subsidized. There is a net movement from working and producing to taking government hand-outs. Much of the money disappears into the pockets of dirty politicians; corruption is an additional tax that everyone pays, and it’s a hefty tax in South Africa.

Demagoguery: People seeking political power look for scapegoats to blame. They blame foreigners for the crime; xenophobia kicks in, and many good, honest people, who are actually working and contributing, get victimized. (The drug dealers have guys with guns protecting them, and have paid off the police and important politicians; they are only in danger from rival gangs.) This is where the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) come in; they (together with many in the ruling African National Congress) blame South Africans of European descent, seeking to murder the Boer, Afrikaner and others and take their property.

Proxies: Let’s not forget the ruling ANC had Julius Malema as the head of its youth league, and knew of how he used to sing “Shoot the Boer”. Despite this, they decided to give Malema and the ANCYL military training at South African military installations. (Recall, the Nazis and communists have all enjoyed providing military training to their youth organizations.) Later, Malema takes these guys and forms his own political party; as I said before, I have stopped believing in coincidences.

Economy: Of course, they also threaten to nationalize foreign businesses. All of this creates political chaos which, in turn, is very bad for the investment that South Africa needs to get its economy going. And, anyone doing business in South Africa has to consider the added costs of security. After all, though businesses pay taxes, the police can’t protect them. Indeed, the tax money that does not get stolen may wind up getting spent on equipping the people who are going to take their business away from them if the next couple of elections go the wrong way. The hashtag #InvestSA – not even! Another hashtag #MeetSouthAfrica – tourists are getting targeted now, too, by criminals.

Meanwhile, poor people are trying to make ends meet. One relic left over from Apartheid is that often, blacks live in places that are quite a distance from the places where they work. So, they have to commute. They do this from a dangerous neighborhood, to a dangerous place, and going through dangerous places on their way. Remember, too, the issues with the commuter trains – sometimes, people lose their jobs because they can’t get to work because someone stole a key part of their means of transportation. And, while they are away, their families are in this neighborhood full of drugs and street crime.

On top of that, the Farm Attacks have driven many South African farmers out of business; others are paying a great deal for better security. All this results in rising food costs (on top of rising fuel costs, etc.) which the poor in South Africa can least afford.

The commercial farmers do have a network trying to call attention to their situation; who is helping these poor black people dealing with the crime in their communities, the dangers and uncertainties of their commute to work, and so on? Google “South Africa squatters camps” and odds are you will see pictures of the many white people who are now one very small step away from being homeless (maybe they’re already there); but, remember, blacks are suffering terribly, too, and there are camps full of them, as well – more than 5 million of them, that is 385 blacks for every white, living in “informal dwellings”.

Mineral resources: Though down from its peak, South Africa still produces diamonds, and is the world’s fifth largest producer of gold; also, it is the world’s third largest exporter of coal, and is the world’s largest producer of chrome, manganese, platinum, vanadium and vermiculite. China is South Africa’s major trading partner, and is the world’s largest consumer of iron ore; South Africa is China’s third biggest supplier. There are some offshore oil reserves, and potential for non-conventional production of oil and gas ashore. There’s a whole laundry list of important minerals in South Africa’s geologically rich land.

Genocide: Some blacks seem to think whites are cry-babies for talking about “white genocide”, and, given what blacks are going through in South Africa, it is very understandable. But, it is a fact experts have shown that six of ten stages of genocide against whites (and against some groups of blacks) have been largely fulfilled, with elements of and spikes into the other four. Some say white genocide is already happening, while I say it is not, but this is a question of naming it: basically, they say the glass is half full (more than 60% full, actually), while I point out that the glass is (somewhat less than) half empty. In situations like this, one must err on the side of caution; it is WRONG to wait until the genocide occurs to REACT – instead, the world must be PROACTIVE to PREVENT it.

In this context, let me explain: most blacks want nothing to do with genocidal attacks on whites. But, remember, all these good people are struggling just to survive – in a country with an outrageous crime rate, and where the police, as it is right now, cannot effectively protect themselves. Should there be a genocidal outbreak, do we really believe all the good people together with the cops will suddenly be effective to stop it? Or, is it more likely they will be even more in defense mode, just trying to protect themselves and their families and communities?

If one argues that there is a slow-motion genocide and ethnic cleansing – not of all of South Africa, but of the rural and commercial farming areas – then the evidence supports that. Indeed, as high as the murder rate there is, the rate of killings of police in the line of duty is quite a bit higher, and the rate of killings of white farmers is higher yet – it is a very clear spike, if you can disaggregate the statistics.

(Never mind the terrible torture inflicted on the farmers.)

South Africa has Africa’s second largest and most developed economy, an incredibly important player on the world scene. What happens as all these problems worsen, and drive the nation further into chaos? Such a large supplier of so many important minerals, sitting astride such important shipping lanes… you think Somalia caused problems when it became a failed state, just you wait until the Republic of South Africa collapses.

Oh, speaking of Somalia… wait a minute! Did I mention Islamic terrorists? I didn’t??

Militant Islamic extremists are sowing terror in Mozambique, immediately to South Africa’s north along the Indian Ocean coast… you know, right there, where the little boats bring the heroin in?

Did I mention terrorist links to heroin? Terrorist groups fund their activities through organized crime (and other means), and heroin trafficking is particularly liked: it destroys the infidel world from within, while providing money for holy war. Where there is Afghan heroin being trafficked, there are profits that can be traced back to Islamic terrorist groups. And the amount of heroin flowing along the Southern Route, through South Africa, is truly amazing, though we don’t see most of it.

By the way, just south along the coast from Mozambique is… the South African port city of Durban, where, earlier today (October 24, 2018), a terrorist bomb plot was publicly linked – in court – to the Islamic State.

Potential famine, genocide that could flare up, possible state collapse… with Islamic terrorists ready to make South Africa the next Islamic State.

And, if America does get dragged into it, bear in mind: Communist China recently sold its HQ-9 surface-to-air missile system to Zimbabwe, a landlocked country bordering both South Africa and Mozambique (and through which some of that heroin moves). China has sold a great deal of other weapons to Zimbabwe, too, and now is reported to be establishing a military base there.

What is the HQ-9? It’s kind of like a poor-man’s Patriot. And, there is no one in that part of Africa that Zimbabwe would need the HQ-9 to defend against, except possibly South Africa… or a Western intervention in the region.

But, don’t believe me… do your own research.

South Africa Farm Attacks: The Hashtags of It All

Let’s start at the #beginning…

Let’s #meetSouthAfrica. #SouthAfrica is where this situation with attacks on #farms is occurring.

You will see the #hashtags #FarmAttack and #FarmAttacks. Often, the singular will be found with information about a new incident, while the plural refers more to the attacks taken as a whole. I generally use the plural, because I’m looking at the big picture, the patterns. But, quite often, you see them both together.

(Of course, the hashtag #SouthAfricaFarmers is used to call attention to both the “who” and the “where” of the story, but not to the “what”.)

In the same context, you will see #FarmMurder and #FarmMurders.

It should be noted that not every #FarmAttack results in a #FarmMurder. The attacks often have a #motive of #intimidation, as if the goal is to instill #fear in the #farmingcommunity and #terrorize them. As such, it is not uncommon that the #attackers simply get in close, open fire and shoot the place up, then leave quickly. Frequently, the attackers are not interested in #money or other #valuables, though they generally are interested in any #weapons they can procure during the attack. Of course, acquisition of money and valuables does occur – there are times when attackers get away with the equivalent of less than 10 USD.

We need to keep in mind that there are very persistent reports that attackers are well-organized, well-equipped… the attackers have a #surveillance #network, they have a #communications #network… they know when the #farmers will be home, and when the farmers are vulnerable. The attackers have been known to arrive with #cellphone jamming equipment. And, regarding training and capability, the attackers have been known to recover the spent shell casings before running off into the countryside to rendezvous with transportation.

This suggests military-style training, and equipment that would be impressive even in criminal operations in Europe or North America.

And, such a system cannot be supported by either leaving the money and valuables behind, or by making off with less than ten dollars.

In other words, this is not a self-supporting operation; it is not #profitable.

Somebody is allocating resources – from a deep and well-connected pocket – to make this happen.

Attackers brag that they are connected to #corrupt #government #officials and to organized crime; they will not suffer #punishment.

And, sure enough, they sometimes do not get caught, even when encountered by #police. And, farmers who have successfully defended themselves have been known to be prosecuted for their actions! Somebody is paying #protection money, and it’s obviously not the farmers through their #taxes.

There are patterns underlying these farm attacks that suggest an ulterior motive, which includes terrorizing the farmers off the land; the patterns suggest #FarmAttacks in #SouthAfrica are perpetrated either by a government-sponsored #militia or by organized crime.

Whatever the #intent of the attacks, the result is that many white farmers are leaving. After generations on the land, they now feel that to protect their families, they must move on and do something else. So, regardless of the intent, the reality is #EthnicCleansing of the rural farm communities, since it is mainly white people who are leaving under pressure of the attacks.

#Farming anywhere is a challenging #business. It is hard work, and it requires not just #knowledge, but also #experience. Making a #profit can be difficult, even under ideal circumstances. When you are having to spend your resources on #security, #costs go up, and so the price of the farm products goes up, as well, to pay for increased #overhead.

This impacts the #SouthAfrican #economy. Food prices go up. For rich people, that’s not a problem – they have money. But for people struggling to get by, that’s a real problem!

It is worth taking into account that one-fourth of South Africans are unemployed, getting by on the equivalent of 1.25 USD a day. Many blacks are dealing with the fallout from #Apartheid. The communities they live in are a long #commute from the places where they work; the #FuelPriceHike is making it more expensive to commute those long distances. So, just getting by and raising a #family is difficult; nevermind that their country has become a #MurderCapital. They certainly don’t need #inflation of #FoodPrices, which adds #FoodSecurity to the list of concerns they now have.

If long-established #farmers are driven out of business, could this result in #famine or a #refugee #crisis?

If so, this would destabilize not just the country, but the region.

Keep in mind that South Africa is at the tip of #Africa – astride important #ShippingLanes between the #IndianOcean and #Atlantic. Trouble in #Somalia, #Yemen or #Eritrea (and there are problems in all those places!) could cause shipping through the #RedSea to be diverted around #SouthernAfrica instead. Similarly, trouble in #Egypt could close the #SuezCanal, thereby sending #shipping, including #oil from the #MiddleEast and #PersianGulf, around Africa. Under these circumstances, control of South Africa would be important.

We won’t even get into the #mineral resources that South Africa has, which include, but are certainly not limited to, #gold, #coal, #diamonds. Of course, its #MineralResources go far beyond that, and are needed by nearly all the world’s #IndustrialPowers.

Back to the de facto #EthnicCleansing… the situation in South Africa is generally accepted to be on stage 6 of the 10 stages of #genocide, although elements of the next four stages are also present. While I think cries of genocide and #WhiteGenocide are #alarmist and perhaps counterproductive – as it appears people are crying “wolf” – the fact remains that the people who are saying this actually believe they are seeing it happen, and have dead bodies to prove it. (Politicians singing “#KillTheBoer” is one of those stages, by the way.)

The victims of the #FarmMurders aside, #FarmAttacks are characterized by gratuitous, brutal #violence. #Torture is supposed to be outlawed by civilized nations, but it is routinely used in these attacks. And if you look at accounts of #BoerTestimony, you will see that “torture” is almost an #understatement.

By the way – do you actually know who the #Boer are?

And, as I have said: if someone can get away with torturing and killing and driving these people (or anyone else, for that matter) off their land in this day and age, then no one is safe. So, from that perspective, we all have a horse in this race; we are all #BoerNow.

So, welcome to the world of #hashtagging the farm attacks in South Africa!

South Africa Farm Attacks – Link to Heroin Trafficking?

The first part of this is background information, and is presented “as is”. I am not providing links to any references or sources; feel free to look it up on your own. If you have something to add, or if you really can’t find something, please leave a comment. : )

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Opiates – heroin – come from Afghanistan these days. In recent decades, very nearly all the world’s production of heroin is centered in Afghanistan.

In the past, poppies were cultivated in this region, but refining into heroin had occurred elsewhere. In recent decades, though, the refining has been done increasingly on-site in Afghanistan.

Today, high-quality refined heroin leaves Afghanistan via three main routes for Europe. The least used of these is called the “Southern Route” and begins by running from producing areas to the coast of Pakistan or Iran. From there, heroin is loaded aboard various kinds of ships, but especially aboard dhows, to cross the Indian Ocean.

Much of that heroin goes to Africa, and most of that ultimately is for transshipment to Europe.

The product has generally gone ashore into East Africa. The dhows dock at small islands, or unload their product onto smaller boats at sea, in order to avoid detection in larger ports.

Often, though, the dhows go farther south…

South Africa has many benefits for traffickers: there is good infrastructure, both physical (roads, etc) and financial; and, as the most developed and second largest economy in Africa, there are plenty of connections to the larger global economy. Another important benefit is the increasing corruption of the ruling ANC, which creates an environment conducive to large-scale illegal activities.

Sometimes the product is brought in, perhaps hidden in shipping containers, to ports such as Durban and Cape Town. More frequently, though, the heroin is unloaded into Mozambique, and broken down into smaller shipments to be sent on. From Mozambique, it may go by road to Zimbabwe, perhaps even continuing on to Botswana. From Botswana, it generally crosses the border into South Africa, then is moved along South Africa’s road network. For example, one route takes it down the N18, then the N14, then the N10, and across the border into Namibia, from where it eventually finds its way northward to the markets in Europe.

Along routes where narcotics are moved, the drugs become less expensive due to their increased availability. Increased availability and decreased cost together result in increased use. To get money for their drugs, drug users resort to street crime, so there will also be a rise in thefts, robberies, car jackings, home invasions and so on. So, wherever drugs are trafficked, there is a rise in drug use and in crime incidental to the drug use.

Also, drug-trafficking organizations employ armed… uh, “security”. : ) Loyalty is important, but so is expertise and ability.

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With these thoughts in mind, let’s consider some excerpts from An Investigation of the Motivational Factors for Farm Attacks and Its Consequential Injurious Phenomena, an MA dissertation by Gumbi Mduduzi Godling Cristopher at the University of Limpopo:

One hundred (100%) per cent of the respondents stated that attacks which occurred on their farm were well-planned.

All of the surviving victims mentioned that the attacks are linked with a crime syndicate, with the chief aim of robbing farmers off their money, valuables and weapons in order to fund their organization.

The fact that perpetrators come from Gauteng, gets picked up after an attack, communicates about the possible cash to be taken (intelligence gathering) as well as the laying out of signs strongly indicate a collaboration that can be described as organised crime.

Seventy-eight (78%) percent of the respondents who reported attacks on their farm are a form of intimidation, aimed to drive farmers off their land. Respondent four stated that farm attacks are not motivated by land claims; but by intimidation to make farmers leave their land even if there are no claims on the farm.

Respondents mentioned that attacks are attributed to an organised crime syndicate which attacks farmers for their weapons and money or simply to kill them. The precision of attacks such as knowing the best time to attack, cleaning the crime scene (picking up cartridges) and weapons handling skills indicate some form of training, prior planning from the attackers such as surveying the property and the farmers’ routine activities are all characteristics of military reconnaissance.

One hundred percent (100%) of the respondents reported that their daily movements or routine activities contributed to the attacks. All the respondents stated that attackers do a survey of the farm to determine the probabilities of executing the attack successfully.

The researcher cannot reach a conclusion that renting or owning a farm is a motivational factor of the perpetrators to attack. What is clear is that attacks are often violent and in some instances victims have been shot at or killed on sight.

The researcher considers that disputes with labourers are not an ultimate contributing factor that determines the impetus to attack the farmer.

From the stolen items listed above the researcher concludes that attackers target farms because of their arsenal of weapons and for money and other valuables such as jewellery and cellular phones.

South Africa’s farm attacks constitute an organized, military-style campaign; this is a terroristic psyop. Its long-term goal is to terrorize the farmers off the land, whether the land belongs to the farmers or not.

The description of the attacks matches what we would expect if a drug trafficking organization (DTO) were behind it.

But why would a DTO do this? Wouldn’t it make more sense to try to slip the drugs through without calling attention to the operation?

The description also matches what we would expect if a government-sponsored paramilitary group were behind it.

It is clear that this kind of thing does not happen over an extended period of time on the territory of a reasonably stable and functioning country without the national government being aware of it through national and police intelligence sources.

A DTO operating with the de facto consent of corrupt politicians in key positions of power in government would exactly match the description of the farm attackers from the report excerpts above.

This is especially true if you factor in similar attacks on black victims who are too poor, and in many cases too illiterate, to draw attention to their plight.

Is a DTO establishing control over places within South Africa for retail distribution of heroin, together with control over more rural areas for use as safe houses and to warehouse their product? They presumably have the government paid off; but armed, rural farmers, with a mutual support network and over whom the government may have less influence, could cause a problem for trafficking of controlled substances either through the country or to retail markets within the country.

By the way… what happens when “state capture” is done by organized crime?

No matter how you slice it, it seems key people in the government of South Africa may now be involved in the heroin business.